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The remaining three categories (“asset manager/institutional;” “leveraged funds;” and “other reportables”) represent the buy-side participants. These are essentially clients of the sell-side participants who use the markets to invest, hedge, manage risk, speculate or change the term structure or duration of their assets. Futures, Options on Futures, Foreign Exchange and other leveraged products involves significant risk of loss and is not suitable for all investors. Spot Gold and Silver contracts are not subject to regulation under the U.S. Before deciding to trade forex and commodity futures, you should carefully consider your financial objectives, level of experience and risk appetite. You should consult with appropriate counsel or other advisors on all investment, legal, or tax matters.

The commitment of traders or “COT” report is useful but the raw data from the CFTC can be a little dense and confusing without some historical context. It is usually more helpful to be able to see changes within the information over time rather that just a single snapshot. Historical graphs of the xtb review data can solve this problem very effectively.

These are the market participants who conduct speculative transactions on a large scale. Typically, this would be the institutional traders, hedge funds or large investment banks, all of whose positions exceed the limit of the reporting obligation. The disaggregated COT report is another one that is commonly known by traders. It provides a deeper breakdown of the market participants, splitting commercial traders into producers, merchants, processors, users, andswapdealers.

  • He is a CFA charterholder as well as holding FINRA Series 7, 55 & 63 licenses.
  • Net Noncommercial Positioning is the difference between the short and long open interest of noncommercial traders.
  • CFD and Forex Trading are leveraged products and your capital is at risk.
  • This material, whether or not it states any opinions, is for general information purposes only and it does not take into account your personal circumstances or objectives.

Many speculative traders use the Commitments of Traders report to help them decide whether or not to take a long or short position. One theory is that “small speculators” are generally wrong and that the best position is contrary to the net non-reportable position. Another theory is that commercial traders understand their market the best and taking their position has a better chance of profit (which is pretty much the same thing as the “small speculators” being wrong).

Market News & Research

He is a CFA charterholder as well as holding FINRA Series 7, 55 & 63 licenses. He currently researches and teaches economic sociology and the social studies of finance at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. Generally, the data in the COT reports is from Tuesday and released Friday. The CFTC receives the data from the reporting firms on Wednesday morning and then corrects and verifies the data for release by Friday afternoon. COT reports are used across markets, so you’ll be able to obtain reports on forex, gold, indices and more. In fact, many investors have lost a lot of money by following these sentiments.

After calculating the net positions, we are already one step further, but have not yet reached our goal. The net position itself does not tell us anything about how the commercials have actually positioned themselves. If we only know that the commercials are 15,782 contracts short this week, that does not help us much. The positions of the major market participants are graphically displayed in our COT tool.

The aggregate of all long open interest is equal to the aggregate of all short open interest. Short and Long Format of ReportsThe Legacy and Disaggregated reports are available in both a short and long fxprimus review format. “Finally, an insider’s take on what really goes on behind the scenes in commodity trading. Larry writes his view of trading, as only he knows it, from his twenty-five years of experience.”

As the data is released weekly, it is not of great use to intraday traders. However, it can help us assess the underlying strength or weakness of a trend on the weekly charts. The trading group we mostly focus on are ‘large speculators’ and, on occasion, managed funds. Taking that a step further, if too many traders are on the same side of the market, it raises the potential for a entiment extreme if positioning is stretched or at a historical extreme. To avoid this situation, the commercial traders will always put in place measures to protect their money.

Whilst net-short exposure has held above -33k since May 2020, there have been periods where we’ve seen it move to -60 and -90k contract, so it is not all clear that we’re near a sentiment extreme. Inflation data this week could also entice further shorts if it comes in sifter as expected, as it ties into the theme that the BOC will hold rates at 4.25% at their first meeting in 2023. The key thing here is for investors and traders to believe in their analysis and their opinions. When you find these positions, it could be a signal that a market reversal is around the corner. This is because, if everyone is long a currency or a commodity, who is left to short? Similarly, if everyone is short a currency, who is left to sell?

cot report

Is this the type of indicator you are looking for to help your trading and investment decisions? You can learn more about how to use this indicator through my free mini trading course in the Larry Williams University, “How to Get Started Trading Commodities”. As a Commercial you don’t care much about what price will do…no…you care about buying so you can take delivery and whip of a bunch of taffy to sell for a profit. Open interest is the total of all futures and/or option contracts entered into and not yet offset by a transaction. Dealer/Intermediary – typically ‘sell-side’ and include large banks and dealers in swaps, securities and other derivatives.

A trader’s long and short futures-equivalent positions are added to the trader’s long and short futures positions to give “combined-long” and “combined-short” positions. The Commitments of Traders reports are provided by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission . COT reports provide a breakdown of each Tuesday’s open interest for markets in which 20 or more traders hold positions equal to or above the reporting levels established by the CFTC. Every weekday, traders buy and sell financial products like stocks, bonds, commodities, and indices in their trillions. The Commitments of Traders, or COT, report is a weekly publication that shows the aggregate holdings of different participants in the US futures market. It provides a snapshot of trading commitments as of Tuesday of that week in order to increase the transparency of exchanges.


He is the unsurpassed winner of the Robbins World Cup Championship of Futures Trading, taking $10,000 to $1,100,000 in less than twelve months. He has served on the Board of the National Futures Association and twice ran for the U.S. Featured in such publications as Barron’s, the Wall Street Journal, Forbes, and Fortune, Mr. Williams has been one of the most widely quoted and followed advisors over the past twenty-five years. His other books published by Wiley include Long-Term Secrets to Short-Term Trading, The Right Stock at the Right Time, and Day Trade Futures Online.

I first learned about the importance of the Commitments of Traders Reports from Bill Meehan. Bill had been a member of the Chicago Board of Trade, and in 1969 revealed the basic secrets of these reports to me. Along the way, I invented some ways to make it easier to see the impact of these guys by making mechanical indicators with the data. I’ve been using them for over 40 years now and think you’ll find them to be invaluable tools.

Interestingly enough, sometimes their record is very good in specific markets, but usually they are wrong. If you want to track the COT data changes each week the numbers are contained within a long text file. You can see an example of what this looks like below with crude oil futures. I have highlighted a few features that I have already talked about in the last section. You can find and examine the report by hand each week and construct a graph yourself for the commodities you are trading. The CFTC releases the data on Fridays but the report is current as of the Tuesday before each Friday’s release.

Investment banks and large hedge funds are also put in this category because they want to protect themselves from these sudden changes. The 30% Deposit Bonus And Prizes is a weekly report published by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission on Friday, with the data obtained by the close of business on Tuesday. There are the Non-Reportables, probably people like you…people who are trading in smaller amounts; the average trader.


For example, we can apply filters to the report in order to understand not just whether traders are net long or short but whether they are becoming more or less bullish and bearish. That shift in investor sentiment can help predict the “flip” and can even be used to trigger a trade entry or exit. In the video I will show you an example of the net position held by these large traders in the EUR/USD at the time it was recorded. Currency COT charts are particularly useful as they can be used to infer sentiment in related markets. For example, a falling USD/CAD is likely bullish for oil while a falling AUD/USD is probably bad for gold. Over the years, the CFTC has improved the Commitments of Traders reports in several ways as part of its continuing effort to better inform the public about futures markets.

Leveraged Funds – typically ‘buy-side’ and include hedge funds and money managers such as CTAs and CPOs or unregistered funds as identified by the CFTC. This sample is from the December 12, 2006, COT report , published in the traditional format, showing data for the Chicago Board of Trade’s wheat futures contract. The COT report is published more often—switching to mid-month and month-end in 1990, to every two weeks in 1992, and to weekly in 2000. Before we dive into how to use the Commitment of Traders report as a forex trader, you have to first know WHERE to go to get the COT report and HOW to read it. By watching the behavior of these players, you’ll be able to foresee incoming changes in market sentiment.

The Supplemental report is published for Futures-and-Options-Combined in selected agricultural markets and, in addition to showing all the information in the short format, shows positions of Index Traders. Because the COT measures the net long and short positions taken by speculative traders and commercial traders, it is a great resource to gauge how heavily these market players are positioned in the market. The figures for non-reportables are calculated by deducting the totals of the reportables from the total value of open interest. Non-reportables are those market participants who are not subject to reporting requirements, in other words, they are “small traders like you and me”.

cot report

However, in the form in which it is available from the CFTC site, it is not very helpful. Compare it to Figure 1, where the raw data must first be evaluated. The reports are read as tables, which each row and column labeled appropriately . The information in the report indicates how much interest there is, both long and short, in various derivatives contracts, and which type of market actor is involved. There have been recommendations to publish more detailed data on a delay as not to affect commercially sensitive positions, but that still looks unlikely.

Commitment of traders FAQs

We can find this information by analyzing the market in which a COT signal has arisen over a different time period. We can now switch to the daily chart and examine the trend with the help of various indicators in order to determine a concrete entry point. The Commitments of Traders report is an exchange report that is published weekly by the American Commodity Futures Trading Commission . This is meant to provide a clearer picture of what the people with skin in the game—the users of the actuals—think about the market versus the people with profit motivations or speculators.

You hereby agree that your demo account information will be shared with such representatives allowed to take contact with you. You hereby waive the benefit of Swiss banking secrecy in this respect towards the above mentioned persons and entities. Confidentiality of your personal data will be ensured throughout the group, regardless of the location of specific group units.

The disaggregated COT report is, in part, a response to some of the criticism of the legacy COT. COT reports detail how many long, short, and spread positions make up the open interest. Adam Hayes, Ph.D., CFA, is a financial writer with 15+ years Wall Street experience as a derivatives trader. Besides his extensive derivative trading expertise, Adam is an expert in economics and behavioral finance. Adam received his master’s in economics from The New School for Social Research and his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in sociology.

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